On July 13, 2021, the Senate Budget Committee announced a $3.5 trillion spending bill as part of the FY2022 Budget Reconciliation package. On August 9, 2021, Democrats introduced the spending bill, which includes a permanent residency provision for qualified immigrants as well as a pathway to citizenship. This would provide millions of immigrants with green cards, including Dreamers, migrant farmworkers, workers deemed essential during the pandemic, and those who hold Temporary Protected Status. The agreement prohibits new taxes on small businesses, family farms, and families making less than $400,000 per year. On August 11, 2021, the Senate approved the framework, completing the first step towards passing the spending plan. The immigration language is expected to be presented to the Senate parliamentarian on September 10, 2021. More than 50 economists have signed a letter urging congressional leadership to include the immigration provisions in the final version of the bill.